The most important material for panel furniture is the standard board for industrial production. It is 2.44 meters long and 1.22 meters wide. There are many thickness specifications and a wide variety of materials. Only a few common ones are introduced here.
Plywood plywood is made by pressing multiple layers of thin wood and wood. It is commonly used in three layers and five layers, so it is also called plywood and plywood. Due to the use of vertical and horizontal gluing, the physical and mechanical properties of the plywood in the longitudinal and transverse directions are almost the same, which is obviously superior to the natural wood. At the same time, the natural wood board retains the good nail holding force and can be joined by nails. Plywood is suitable for hard-wearing furniture. There are many wooden friends in the forum who use plywood to make tool tables and saws for electric circular saws to change table saws.
Daixinban called blockboard blockboard, two upper and lower surfaces of the board, the intermediate pressure splicing thin strips of wood glue. Compared with the fiberboard and the moisture-proof board, the blockboard has the characteristics that the surface of the standard board is flat and not easy to be deformed, and has the characteristics of natural wood board, and the nail holding force is good, and the nail nail can be used for jointing. The general decoration company will use blockboard, which uses a nail gun to join the fast and efficient. For DIY, I have not found any advantages for this board.
There are two kinds of fiberboards : low-density fiberboard and medium-density fiberboard. Generally, medium-density fiberboard is used. The thickness is 15mm, 18mm is suitable for wardrobes, bookshelves, etc., and 3-5mm is used for non-load-bearing panels, such as drawer bottoms. The fiberboard is characterized by low density, easy to get wet, and large processing dust. Vertical processing (such as screwing, opening, etc.) is easy to crack. If there is no table saw or bench drill, it is not recommended to use fiberboard DIY.
Further reading: the tiredness of the plate furniture posing as solid wood furniture
The moisture-proof board moisture-proof board is added with a certain proportion of moisture-proof particles (generally green) in the production process of the substrate. The melamine board mentioned by Muyou in the forum is the moisture-proof board. The common moisture-proof board is the heavy-duty particle board + moisture-proof particle + melamine It is made of hot-pressed decorative surface and generally has a thickness of 16mm. It is suitable for cabinets, bathroom cabinets and other furniture that are easily damp. Of course, it is also possible to make wardrobes, bookshelves and shoe cabinets. The density of the moisture-proof board is larger than that of the fiberboard, the moisture-proof performance is much higher than that of the fiberboard, and it is not easy to crack, which is more suitable for DIY.
Fireproof board Fireproof board is a decorative board made of silicon material or calcium material as the main raw material, mixed with a certain proportion of fiber materials, lightweight aggregates, adhesives and chemical additives. The fireproof board is generally used for the outer surface of the panel furniture, the thickness is generally about 1mm, the appearance is very variety, and the decorative characteristics are more obvious than the fireproof characteristics.
The two materials of the laminated material and the finger joint plate are consistent with the performance of the solid wood. It is equivalent to the factory to put the wooden board into a wide board. Generally, it is used by wood friends who like solid wood and do not want to build their own boards. I have not used it.
2, surface decoration
The surface treatment of panel furniture is generally veneered, and paint is rarely used. Several commonly used veneer materials are introduced here.
Wood grain paper grain paper has been used more in the past, and now generally uses fireproof boards.
Edge banding Edge banding The edge cut of the panel of the user's panel furniture, PVC edge banding, metal edge banding, thin wood edge banding, etc.
Extended reading: Is solid wood furniture better than panel furniture?
The three-in-one connector three-in-one connector consists of three parts: eccentric part, connecting rod and embedded part. It is convenient and beautiful on the furniture, strong and durable, and can be disassembled many times. It is used by many furniture manufacturers. Personal DIY also Can be used but requires a certain technology, generally no bench drill, row drill, install a three-in-one connector requires 3 holes in the exact position of the two plates, and the depth can not be too much deviation, use the hand drill The operation is difficult and the efficiency is low.
Screws are very common, used when screwing, fiberboard screws for fiberboard and moisture barriers, and wood screws for other wood properties.
The door guide rail is used for the sliding door, and it is installed at the upper end or at the lower end, and is used as needed.
Dark hinges are used to open the door to the outside. Dark hinges are required. There are three types of full cover (full cover), half cover (half cover, half open) and full open (built in). Generally, the outermost door of the cabinet is used. Fully hinged, the middle door uses a half-hinged hinge, and the built-in door requires a full-open hinge.
The slab support is also called a plate support, which is used for the support of the shelf of the bookshelf, the shoe cabinet and the shelf, and has the characteristics that the position of the slab can be adjusted, and the types are also more.
Drawer rails are used for drawer installation. There are two types of pulley type (two sections) and one type of balls (three sections). The pulley type is cheaper and has noise. The ball type is more expensive but it is very smooth and no noise when pushing and pulling.
Handle drawers, door handles, a wide variety, according to personal preferences.
Further reading: Three coups to help you repair damaged panel furniture
4. Chemical materials
Universal adhesive edge banding. There are many types of glue, and it is not necessary to use the above glue.
White latex is applied to the fireproof board and the round raft.
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